By Amy Nicholson
By Amy Nicholson
By Heather Baysa
By Calum Marsh
By Stephanie Zacharek
By Alan Scherstuhl
By Simon Abrams
By Alan Scherstuhl
It's the tail end of the 1996 California primary election campaign, and incumbent Democratic Sen. Jay Bulworth (Warren Beatty) is having a nervous breakdown. Sleepless for days and famished, he channel-surfs aimlessly in the darkness of his office. In a rare moment of lucidity, he has an inspiration: He arranges to have a hit man assassinate him.
Suddenly freed from the need to plump for reelection and expecting the hit to come at any moment, Bulworth sets out on the campaign trail. Delirious but happy, he says exactly what's on his mind -- a big no-no in politics, where honesty is not always the best policy.
Framed as a farce, Bulworth begins with this premise and gets stranger and stranger. Because of the way Beatty -- who not only stars but also serves as director, coproducer, and coscreenwriter (with Jeremy Pikser) -- encourages the connection between himself and Bulworth, the film unavoidably takes on the trappings of a personal manifesto. Bulworth is described in the film as "old liberal wine poured into a new bottle," and that describes Beatty here as well. He's a liberal movie icon -- the director of 1981's Reds! -- trying to air his gripes and passions about America without coming across as a fossil. His farce isn't as daring as he thinks it is, but it's a fascinating spectacle anyway. When, early on in the proceedings, Bulworth veers off the campaign trail and starts rapping in a South Central L.A. club, it's like watching a '60s Stanley Kramer message-movie spliced into a hip-hop fever dream. It may not be good, but it sure is different.
Is Beatty trying to commercialize his message-mongering by appealing to urban black movie audiences? Probably not. After all, since when have black ticket-buyers been sure-fire hit makers? Beatty's courting of that audience might seem crass, but I think the real game here is narcissism. He's playing out a hallowed, white-liberal fantasy of being as black as any soul brother.
Taking it upon himself to stand up for all of America's dispossessed, Bulworth soon targets insurance companies, HMOs, Hollywood, the conglomerate-owned news media -- you name it. As the film lurches along, we get nicked with a steady stream of homilies: "He that pays the piper does the show," and "What we used to call America is going down the drain," or, my favorite, "Everybody's got to keep screwing everybody until we're all the same color." Now that's what I call sexual politics.
There's a hectic quality to the movie, as if Beatty were afraid we weren't going to get the joke -- or the message. It takes a while to get a fix on what he's up to. In the beginning Bulworth is portrayed as a hypocrite who, in order to get reelected, retreats from his liberal principles. His campaign spots have him saying things like, "I believe in a hand up, not a handout." He's not even a neocon -- he's a pseudoneocon. The framed photos in Bulworth's office of himself with black civil rights leaders and Bobby Kennedy tell the whole sad then-and-now story.
Speaking in a black church in South Central, Bulworth chucks his standard stump speech -- it always begins with "We stand at the doorstep of a new millennium" -- and tells an increasingly hostile audience about how his promises of federal funding to the inner cities have been just a politics-as-usual sham. Moving on to a Beverly Hills fundraiser, he castigates the Hollywood elite for its garbage-y movies and, between chomps on crabcake hors d'oeuvres, throws in a crack about the Jewishness of the industry.
At this point we're apparently supposed to regard Bulworth as a cracked vulgarian, and yet Beatty is already nudging us to accept the senator's ravings as higher truths. Even his name is metaphoric: Bulworth -- his bull has worth. The sick joke at the heart of the movie is that in politics it takes a loony to level with us. Bulworth alone is unfettered enough to tell it like it is. Beatty plays into the widespread paranoia that do-gooder politicians are hypocritical toward the poor and that Hollywood is a toxic-waste dump.
With all its hip-hop and jive, Bulworth may seem new-style, but actually it's proffering a populism that Frank Capra would have loved. In a movie such as Meet John Doe (1941), Capra gave us his archetypal citizen-politician -- a guileless Gary Cooper who was such a hayseed he couldn't help but talk straight. Beatty is harvesting that same old Capra-corn, but in place of the hayseed innocent he gives us the guy who is so much the politician that it deranges him. His only therapy is to spew the truth.
Bulworth's pronouncements quickly pass from quasi-objectionable to right-on. By the time he shows up at an all-white church in Pasadena, we've already seen him spend the night as a whacked out rap-master in a hip-hop club, lusting after the beautiful, imperious Nina (Halle Berry), who commends him for his candidness and leads him on. Now that he's a soul man there's no stopping him. He tries to get the hit against him canceled. He unloads bombshells in the white church about the true nature of politics: "The name of our game is Let's Make a Deal." (Stop the presses.) Two black girls who hitch a joy ride on his campaign wagon (Michele Morgan and Ariyan Johnson) shake up the congregation's starched white choir. Presumably the problem with America is we just don't know to get down.
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