The Straight Dope

Who is Jimmy, and why does he crack corn?
-- Nruggierbc, via AOL

I don't care! Sorry, couldn't resist.
As you know from this column's previous attempts, song interpretation is not a science, and the passage of time hasn't made things any easier. A hundred years from now, God knows what they'll make of "Stairway to Heaven." "Jimmy Crack Corn" (originally "Jim Crack Corn") tells the story of a slave whose job is "to wait on Massa and hand him de plate/Pass down the bottle when he git dry/And bresh away de blue-tail fly." Among the things from which he's supposed to "bresh away de blue-tail fly" is Massa's pony, using a hickory broom. One day when the flies are especially thick, one gets through and bites... well, either Massa or the pony, you can't quite tell. Anyway, the pony bolts, Massa pitches into the ditch and dies, and the coroner's jury blames the blue-tail fly. "Jim[my] crack corn, I don't care/Ole Massa gone away."

Scratch around and you'll find some interesting takes on this song. When we consulted Tom Miller, Straight Dope curator of music, he told us about an interpretation he'd heard from Charlie Maddox, a musician in Shenandoah, Virginia. Maddox said "crack corn" came from the old English term "crack," meaning gossip, and that "cracking corn" was a traditional Shenandoah expression for "sitting around chitchatting." Maddox claimed "Jimmy Crack Corn" was an abolitionist song, and that "blue-tail fly" referred to federal troops in their blue uniforms overthrowing the slave owners.

A conspicuous defect of this theory is that "Jimmy Crack Corn," published in 1846, is attributed to an outfit called the Virginia Minstrels. The Virginia Minstrels helped originate the blackface minstrel show, not one of your prime vehicles for abolitionist sentiment. The author of the song, though not definitely known, was probably a Virginia Minstrel named Daniel Emmet, a popular songwriter and musician whose best-known composition was the Southern anthem "Dixie" (1859). Like his contemporary Stephen Foster, Emmet was a Northerner who wrote sentimental songs about the South in black dialect. So don't go looking for any deep social message.

Still, who is Jimmy and why did he crack corn? Maybe it's about gossip, like the man said. But an equally plausible theory I've heard is that "cracking corn" means cracking open a jug of corn liquor. Try it next time your Massa goes away, and, after a half-dozen verses, you won't care either.

Questions We're Still Thinking About

The most important thing a man can do for his fellow man is to travel north of the Arctic Circle and evacuate into a bucket of turpentine. True?

-- JPGX, via AOL

If Barbie is so popular, why do you have to buy her friends? I got all my friends for free. Some I didn't want. Please answer this riddling nightmare that haunts me so.

-- Jerry, via the Internet

They say with faith and hard work your dreams will come true. Last night mine did: I got to have a conversation with Adam Durtiz, a poet I truly respect. My dream came true, it's over, now what?

-- Zach Braiker, via AOL
P.S.: I don't like Disneyland.

I heard that you can tell an awful lot about a person by what they put into their burrito and how they eat it. Is this true? I'm going on a first date with this gorgeous woman, and I thought it would be great if, instead of spending a lot of time talking about ourselves to get to know each other, I could just order her a burrito for dinner, then sit back and watch. What do you think?

-- Shorty, via the Internet

Cecil, do you like it better in Chicago than you do in the summertime??????
-- HTS1957, via AOL

You're not from here, don't you?

Is there something you need to get straight? Cecil Adams can deliver "The Straight Dope" on any topic. Write Cecil Adams at the Chicago Reader, 11 E. Illinois, Chicago, IL 60611; e-mail him at cecil@chireader.com; or visit "The Straight Dope" area at America Online, keyword: Straight Dope.

 
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