Radio Free Haiti

Jonathan Demme's documentary brings a joyful revolutionary to the screen

Every once in a while, you encounter a person who seems to have been born under an urgent, righteous star -- a person who is both a fiery activist lit with the passion of his convictions and a dramatic storyteller who naturally occupies a place in the public eye. When this person enters a room, he doesn't draw attention away from others and toward himself; instead, he infuses the entire place, and everyone in it, with the energy to stand up against violence and oppression and to seek justice. In fact, after a few moments with him, you might wonder how you can spend your time doing anything else.

Haitian radio pioneer and human rights activist Jean Dominique was just such a person, and The Agronomist, a documentary from director Jonathan Demme, captures both his energized essence and the incredible breadth of his influence in his native country. It is an inspiring, moving film, a tribute to a man who brought critical news and information to the people of Haiti even as a series of dictatorships sought violently to shut him down. (He was ultimately gunned down in April 2000 by pro-government assassins.) Dominique was an exceptional, incredibly alive person -- his face charts a remarkable display of expressions -- and it's a pleasure to spend 90 minutes in his company.

Trained as an agronomist, Dominique began his career in the Haitian countryside, attempting to better the lives of the agricultural majority by improving their crops. His destiny, however, lay elsewhere: In 1968, Dominique purchased the lease of Radio Haiti Inter, Haiti's oldest radio station, where he sought to improve the lives of his countrymen in another way -- by informing them and inspiring them to agitate for their rights.

At the time, radio was not a medium for news; it was a source of entertainment. Dominique set about to change that. He used the station to broadcast news -- in Haitian Creole, the language of the people, as opposed to the French understood only by elites. For the first time, the people of Haiti received regular information about what was happening in their country, including reports of the violence perpetrated by whatever dictatorship happened to be in power at the time.

It was a revolutionary act. Dominique sought nothing more than the enactment of democracy and the observance of human rights in Haiti, rendering him a target of the military police under Papa and Baby Docs Duvalier. Time after time, police lined up in front of the station and fired bullets.

Sometimes, however, the violence drove him out of Haiti and into exile in New York, where he continued to promote the cause of democracy in Haiti. , As soon as he felt it was safe enough, Dominique returned to pick up where he had left off, rebuilding his demolished station with donations from listeners. In 1986, when he arrived in Port-au-Prince after six years abroad, he was greeted by 60,000 joyous countrymen.

Joy is a good word for Dominique: Despite a lifetime of confronting oppressive forces that never seemed to change, he was indubitably alive with joy. In the film, he recounts dramatic stories of resistance and solidarity with sparkling eyes and a huge grin. After speaking about his six-month imprisonment, he laughs merrily, as though acknowledging that a little jail time could hardly be expected to stop him. Even approaching 70, his body is gleaming with health, his eyes wide open with the benign ferocity of his mission. "You cannot kill truth," he says with utter assurance.

Though it comes at a time of yet more turmoil in Haiti and though its subject intersects with several decades of Haitian history, The Agronomist is neither a political tract nor a history of politics in Haiti. It is a biography of a single man whose light was so bright that it shone over an entire country, even (and especially) in the face of the darkness that wished to extinguish it.

 
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