By Michael E. Miller
By Allie Conti
By Keegan Hamilton and Francisco Alvarado
By Jake Rossen
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By Kyle Swenson
By Chris Joseph
By Michael E. Miller
When J. Arthur Heise took over the journalism program at Florida International University in 1983, there were instructors who wouldn't talk to each other, hopelessly scrambled student files, and a faculty that was often in open revolt. "The FIU provost told me that the department was 'my single biggest academic headache,'" Heise recalled the other day. "The program was in total disarray."
After 20 years under Heise, though, the FIU School of Journalism and Mass Communication was studied and often emulated by other universities. It produced a slew of Pulitzer Prize winners, including six grads who were among the group that took the 2001 breaking-news award for the Miami Herald's coverage of the Elián González story.
Heise brought in a tough cadre of working-press faculty members who helped to establish the first Spanish-language master's program in the country, created widely admired courses to prepare foreign correspondents for overseas assignments, and set up a hard-nosed, test-driven program to promote writing skills.
Now, though, the school threatens to move back into migraine territory, critics say. Heise retired as dean last year, and three key faculty members have recently resigned in anger or frustration.
The latest to leave is Kevin Hall, head of the Journalism Writing Program. Hall is a respected newspaper editor who once ran the Miami Herald's Sunday magazine, Tropic. He quit FIU -- which has campuses in Miami-Dade and Broward counties -- two weeks ago with a blast at the J-school's new administration that reeked of rhetorical gunsmoke. He charged that Heise's replacement, Dean Lillian Lodge Kopenhaver, and other administrators were abandoning the school's commitment to high standards and bowing to political pressure in censoring students.
The school has "compiled a shocking record of weakness that reverses decades of strong accomplishment," Hall wrote in a harsh resignation letter.
He added: "I cannot continue to teach a principled and thoughtful view of journalism to students in this new environment, which has so little respect for the needs of journalism students, or for open and honest discussion of importantly differing points of view."
Hall's resignation follows that of Mike McQueen, a former USA Today and Herald staff writer and editor, who quit last year as chairman of the Journalism and Broadcast Department after being denied tenure because he lacked a Ph.D. Charles Green, director of the school's International Media Center and a long-time Associated Press Latin America correspondent who served as bureau chief in Caracas and Mexico City, also recently announced his intention to resign at the end of the summer. He cited, among other things, "a change in the commitment to writing" at the school.
The FIU administration denies that the resignations are part of a pattern, contending they're the result of normal turnover. Kopenhaver says that McQueen left because "the newspaper business never really got out of his blood" and that Green is leaving because he is tired of the demands of the job. She adds that the school is in the process of hiring "distinguished" new faculty members "with healthy newspaper experience" to fill the vacancies.
Some students openly worry, though, about a loss of prestige at the school. "A lot of people see the school going downward instead of upward now," says Harry Coleman, editor in chief of the Beacon, the school's student newspaper.
Hall's most damning charges involve alleged censorship. He says the dean ordered the removal of three articles last year from a student-run website because of a complaint from a member of the student government that they were in "bad taste." The articles included a profile of a South Beach male hooker, a story about a high school honors student who was addicted to heroin, and an article titled "Help! I'm a Nympho." They were posted on fusedOnline.com, an FIU website for students of online journalism. Kopenhaver had the stories removed last summer, Hall says, and ordered hyperlinks between the website and the university to be severed.
"Having a junior politician influencing what's published by the School of Journalism?" Hall says. "That's a bad thing to teach students. It's a bad message."
University officials respond sharply. "Censorship?" FIU Media Relations Director Mark Riordan says, denying the charge. "Those are fighting words. That's a very serious claim when you're talking about a journalism school."
Allan Richards, who teaches the course in which students produced the website and who is currently chairman of the Journalism and Broadcast Department, says liability issues troubled the university's legal advisers. "The use of the word censorship is really overblown," Richards says, adding that the student journalists had been invited to take over the website independent of the school and that they had not done so. FusedOnline.com, which had been funded with student activities money, is no longer on the Internet.
But Yudi Pineiro, the student who wrote the "nympho" article, about a female sex addict, recently complained to the Poynter Institute's daily press website that her article was pulled "without notice or justifiable reason." Pineiro, now a Miami Herald reporter, added that "the very own school that handed me my undergraduate degree in journalism censored me." Pineiro declined to be interviewed about the school.