"Banned and Burned"
runs another month at the West Palm Beach Public Library, an exhibit and program of events on the topic of censorship. The core exhibit, "Fighting the Fires of Hate: America and the Nazi Book Burnings," is a grabber, startling and varied, with much provocative detail.
Part one of the exhibit -- a series of folding walls running the length of the east end of the library's fourth floor -- concerns the book burnings themselves, illustrating the dark history with large-scale photographs, text, and graphics. The progression of Nazi repression and censorship is described; likewise their targets: German language authors like Brecht, Marx, and Freud; Americans like Helen Keller, Hemingway, and Jack London.
It's striking how early in the regime the burnings began -- it was 1933, almost as soon as Hitler assumed power -- and how elaborately they were planned. Formal invitations were issued (a reproduction is displayed
) with a very Teutonic attention to detail: 11 p.m. torchlight parade, welcoming speech by student leader, burning of "nation-corrupting" books, group sing-along...
(Students played a major role in the burnings, reciting "fire oaths"
as the flames rose, listing the crimes of the authors and the "Aryan" virtues their work subverted.)
A section on the American response to the burnings is a revelation. While the U.S. government could do little, popular revulsion was enormous and took the form of massive street demonstrations denouncing the Nazi fires. Thousands of ordinary citizens marched in protest in virtually every major American city. In New York, 300,000 marched the length of Manhattan from Midtown to the Battery.
Section three of the exhibit, "America at War," deals with counterpropaganda. It raises questions about the tricky business of fighting fire with fire, though it's hard to equate FDR's "Four Freedoms"
with Hitler's creed of racial purity (whatever that's supposed to mean). What a different world it was when patriotism meant sending books to the troops
The book-burning exhibit came to the West Palm Beach Library from the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, which organized the show as a traveling event. But the library has done a good deal more, organizing a series of satellite activities, including music, theater, film, and guest speakers. Full program here: wpblibraryfound.org/events-and-programs
We can't offer you as much detail on the Earth First! Film Festival in Lake Worth (where the self-described radical environmentalists from the long-running Earth First! journal have -- through some strange but also eminently logical course of events -- put down roots).
Fire Ant -- an invasive species, tinged bright red, with an annoying, sometimes fatal bite -- covers Palm Beach County. Got feedback or a tip? Contact email@example.com.