The history of Haiti is one of mercurial changes and staggering violence. It was the richest colony in the New World in the 18th Century, built upon the backs of slaves who were flogged and even buried alive for minor offenses. It was ruled by one tyrant after another throughout the 19th Century, until the last of them, Vilbrun Guillaume Sam, was murdered and dismembered in 1915. The 20th Century saw U.S. occupation, then the dictatorship of François "Papa Doc" Duvalier, who terrorized the country with his volunteer enforcers, the Tontons Macoutes (which means "uncle bogeymen" in Creole). By the time his son, Jean-Claude "Baby Doc" Duvalier took the reins in 1971, Haiti had become the poorest country in the... More >>>