As Hurricane Dorian begins to slowly move away from the Caribbean, Bahamians are struggling to piece together their lives from the wreckage of the storm, which leveled entire neighborhoods on the islands of Grand Bahama and Abaco. With no home to return to, many evacuees are now looking to reunite with family abroad in the United States. But that's easier said than done — obtaining legal entry to the States requires time and paperwork to which many storm-stricken Bahamians might not have access.
Wednesday, Florida state Rep. Shevrin Jones called on the Trump administration and U.S. Sens. Marco Rubio and Rick Scott to work to temporarily waive visa requirements for Bahamians looking for refuge. Jones, a Democrat from Broward County, has family and friends on the islands and says the issue is personal for him.
"The islands are essentially unlivable," Jones says of Abaco and Grand Bahama. "I know officials are attempting to transport residents to Nassau, but Nassau doesn't have the capacity that we have here in the U.S. to help host Bahamians affected by the hurricane. It's my hope that the Trump administration and others in Washington, D.C., will take notice and act."
According to State Department guidelines, Bahamians looking to enter the United States can skip the formal visa requirement if they have the correct paperwork and catch a flight that includes a security pre-clearance at U.S. Customs and Border Protection stations in airports in Nassau or Freeport. Freeport, the largest city on Grand Bahama, was pummeled by Dorian, and its airport is reportedly still flooded. So that leaves Nassau, where flights to and from the States recently recommenced. Bahamians fortunate enough to get to the airport and book a flight will still need to provide legal documents, such as a passport, as well as a police certificate issued within the past six months displaying no criminal record. According to Jones, that's where things can get tricky.
"Many people lost their passports during the hurricane. They lost the identification they'd need to get into the U.S.," he says. As for the police certificate, it's unclear the number of resources the Bahamian police force, already stretched thin by emergency response work, can put toward issuing such paperwork right now.
Wait times for a visa application to enter the United States can range from two weeks to three months, and the process requires as much or more paperwork than a pre-clearance at a qualifying airport. A State Department spokesperson did not immediately respond to a request for comment from New Times.
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Jones says he has already spoken with Rubio and Scott and was heartened by their responses. (Jones adds that he also has support from Florida Congresswoman Frederica Wilson.) When it comes to Donald Trump, however, Jones admits it's been difficult to look past the president's poor record when it comes to providing refuge to people in need, evidenced by the administration's failure to offer deportation protections to Venezuelans in the United States.
"These last few days I've been trying my hardest to separate politics from the tragedy in the Bahamas. I do know the history of the Trump administration. But this is not about Trump, and I'm not going to put Trump at the forefront of this conversation," Jones says. "I don't know if he would care about what's going on, but for me, it's personal."
Jones says he plans to reach out to JetBlue and American Airlines to request humanitarian aid in the form of free flights from the Bahamas to the United States.
Hurricane Dorian made landfall in the Bahamas this past Sunday as a Category 5 storm. It remained over the islands of Grand Bahama and Abaco for two days, causing untold damages. Bahamian officials are still struggling to take stock of the full extent of the devastation left by the hurricane. The death toll from Dorian is expected to rise, and many people remain missing. Bahamians have begun using social media to try to connect with lost relatives and friends. Miami's history is closely tied to Bahamian immigration — Bahamians were some of the first people to settle the area and build the city. South Florida itself has the largest population of Bahamian-Americans in the nation.